The Cudgegong District is located in the Mid Western Regional Council Local Government Area.

Covering an area of 9,595 sq kms, the predominant land in the north of the District is the open and lightly undulating livestock grazing and moderate cropping land. To the south and west of the shire the land becomes steep and mountainous. The east of the District is open land that has been developed into large amounts of small acreages in heavily timbered country that is a mixture of open areas and rolling hills which extends into the wilderness of National Parks.

The Cudgegong District has a population of approximately 23,000 people, it comprises of Mudgee, Gulgong, Kandos and Rylstone with 10 other villages Hargraves, Windeyer, Lue, Wollar, Charbon, Clandulla, Bylong, Ilford, Running Stream and Goolma. Natural and tourist attractions include Frog Rock, The Drip, Hands on the Rock, Burrendong Dam, Munghorn Gap, Goulburn River National Park and Windermere Dam, Dunns Swamp, Wollemi National Park and Ferntree Gully.